- a "talking stick" or similar
Setting: Papers and pens might be useful for taking notes. There needs to be one chair per person arranged in a circle.Ideal conditions: It would be ideal for all participants and the facilitator to sit in a circle so that everybody is facing each other.
1. As soon as every participant is seated the facilitator poses a question or topic, as specific as possible and gives every participant the opportunity to briefly think about it.
2. The facilitator picks a person (e.g. the one to his left) or asks who is ready to start talking about the matter and hands the talking stick to this person. At this point introduce time restrictions (e.g. 1sentence, 2 minutes or similar).
3.When the first person is ready he/she passes on the talking stick to someone who should go next.
Informative questions or a discussion are possible in between, but this has to made clear beforehand if allowed.
Option: If used as a closing or review exercise appreciate all contributions without comments.
Follow-Up Required: There is no follow-up required, but a reflection or summary is of course possible and might be useful.
Usual or Expected Outcomes: The outcome is a collection of all opinions stated by the participants.
Potential pitfalls: A potential problem could be participants not focusing on the information sharing and thereby an unsettled atmosphere could evolve.
How success is evaluated: The process is successful when all opinions are heard.
Source: Patrick Boel - June, 2006