TRIZ -- Theory of Inventive Problem Solving --a structured approach for Creativity and Innovation
- TRIZ mapping tools
Ideal conditions: Clear desire for best solutions
Pre-Work Required: Some exchange on problem identification
Application of TRIZ process.
Basic steps are to identify the contradiction or root issue under a problem using a matrix, then applying one of the 40 innovation tools to address the contradiction. (see links provided below)
Follow-Up Required: Yes
Usual or Expected Outcomes: Best solutions
Potential pitfalls: Not so good with totally anarchic situations, e.g. reduce street crime?
How success is evaluated: Mainly by amount of money saved from solutions - best so far $1 billion
Examples of successes and failures: See Samsung/TRIZ conferences
Source: Genrich Altshuller
Derived from: Patent research
History of Development: 1946 onwards "TRIZ" is the (Russian) acronym for the "Theory of Inventive Problem Solving." G.S. Altshuller and his colleagues in the former USSR developed the method between 1946 and 1985. TRIZ is an international science of creativity that relies on the study of the patterns of problems and solutions, not on the spontaneous and intuitive creativity of individuals or groups. More than three million patents have been analyzed to discover the patterns that predict breakthrough solutions to problems, and these have been codified within TRIZ.
TRIZ, a proven algorithmic approach to solving technical problems, began in 1946 when the Russian engineer and scientist Genrikh Altshuller studied thousands of patents and noticed certain patterns. From these patterns he discovered that the evolution of a technical system is not a random process, but is governed by certain objective laws. These laws can be used to consciously develop a system along its path of technical evolution - by determining and implementing innovations.
One result of Altshuller's theory -- that inventiveness and creativity can be learned -- has fundamentally altered the psychological model of creativity.
Recognizable components: Trends of Evolution, Ideality, Resource Analysis, Functionality, though these all have a different interpretation from normal.
Alternative names: Theory of Inventive Problem Solving