IAF Methods

TRIZ

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TRIZ -- Theory of Inventive Problem Solving --a structured approach for Creativity and Innovation

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Additional info

Goal

To identify underlying contradictions or root issues and address them in an innovative way

Attachments

You will be able to upload attachments once after you create the method.

Materials

  • TRIZ mapping tools

Instructions

Before

Ideal conditions: Clear desire for best solutions

Pre-Work Required: Some exchange on problem identification


During

Application of TRIZ process.

Basic steps are to identify the contradiction or root issue under a problem using a matrix, then applying one of the 40 innovation tools to address the contradiction.  (see links provided below)

After

Follow-Up Required: Yes

Usual or Expected Outcomes: Best solutions

Potential pitfalls: Not so good with totally anarchic situations, e.g. reduce street crime?

How success is evaluated: Mainly by amount of money saved from solutions - best so far $1 billion

Examples of successes and failures: See Samsung/TRIZ conferences
www.aitriz.org

Background

Source: Genrich Altshuller

Derived from: Patent research

History of Development: 1946 onwards  "TRIZ" is the (Russian) acronym for the "Theory of Inventive Problem Solving." G.S. Altshuller and his colleagues in the former USSR developed the method between 1946 and 1985. TRIZ is an international science of creativity that relies on the study of the patterns of problems and solutions, not on the spontaneous and intuitive creativity of individuals or groups. More than three million patents have been analyzed to discover the patterns that predict breakthrough solutions to problems, and these have been codified within TRIZ.

TRIZ, a proven algorithmic approach to solving technical problems, began in 1946 when the Russian engineer and scientist Genrikh Altshuller studied thousands of patents and noticed certain patterns. From these patterns he discovered that the evolution of a technical system is not a random process, but is governed by certain objective laws. These laws can be used to consciously develop a system along its path of technical evolution - by determining and implementing innovations.

One result of Altshuller's theory -- that inventiveness and creativity can be learned -- has fundamentally altered the psychological model of creativity.

Recognizable components: Trends of Evolution, Ideality, Resource Analysis, Functionality, though these all have a different interpretation from normal.

References: https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newCT_92.htm

https://triz-journal.com/40-inventive-principles-examples/

https://triz-journal.com/innovation-tools-tactics/breakthroughdisruptive-innovation-tools/resolving-contradictions-40-inventive-principles/


Alternative names: Theory of Inventive Problem Solving

Comments (1) ( 4.0  avg / 1 ratings)

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  • Although the underlying theory is simple, it would be highly advisable to have TRiZ training before using this method.

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    over 3 years ago