4 methods
Khoa Doan

The 4 Soils - Sprint Retrospective


Scrum is like a house, where the team can be safe and self-organize. They will build trust and continuous improvement. Respect Scrum team as an ecosystem will help the team evolve and build up teamwork, and the values will come Day by Day, Sprint by Sprint.

every Sprint, Sprint Retrospective is an excellent chance to inspect and adapt the way of working. There are many formats to help Scrum Master facilitates the Sprint Retrospective. But I always think about the format that can focus on the team environment, the ecosystem. I keep thinking and uphold that idea, and I found the inspiration from the "Parable of the Soils. Borrow that parable; I create the Sprint Retrospective format “The 4 Soils”. The meaning of this format is to focus on how to help the Scrum team define what is the good/ bad impact to the house o of Scrum. From that, team will have the action or change to improve/ maintain the ecosystem.

Jenny Rohr


Regularly the team reflects on how they worked during the last period, what went well, what could be improved, and selects one or two improvement axis.

There are many ways to run a retrospective.

Let's quote some of them: starfish & Niko Niko

Starfish practice is coming from Agile principles.

Sea Star diagram: https://www.sessionlab.com/methods/starfish

Brainstorming session with post-its on what the team should DO MORE, DO LESS, START DOING, STOP DOING and KEEP DOING.

Ideas are clustered and then the team votes for the best ideas. They keep one or two improvement ideas.

Niko, niko: it is a mood graph where each members draw his/her mood during the period and then explains variations, peeks. The team can then decide what to improve to increase their good mood.

Prepare axis on a board (horizontal representing time, and vertical one representing the mood - could be positive and negative). Each participant draw their mood graph during the period and then give explanations

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