IAF Methods

Mutual Influence Conversation

by for . Last edit was about 2 years ago
120 + 11 - 50

Any session in which two or three stakeholder groups are getting better acquainted as they make a decision together

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To become clear about the influence that two or three stakeholder groups have upon one another


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    Number of participants: 11-50, This is an excellent process for two or three stakeholder teams; it is clumsy used with more than three.

    Types of participants: Participants need to have enough experience in their jobs to have a deep understanding of what the operational processes are in relation to the other stakeholder or stakeholders in the discussion

    Time needed: 2 hours

    Pre-Work Required: Divide the group into stakeholder teams. For each team, provide two flipchart pages headed "WHAT WE PROVIDE TO (the others)" and "WHAT WE RECEIVE FROM (the others)".  In the case of three or more stakeholders, make additional forms for each of the relationships.


    1. Ask participants to list elements of their relationship on the flipchart forms. Should they get stuck, you can suggest that they use a recent project or interaction as a source of ideas. Give groups about 20 minutes to fill out two forms, and accordingly more time if they have more forms.
    2. When the groups are done, hang the "WHAT WE RECEIVE" form for Stakeholder 1 next to the "WHAT WE PROVIDE" FORM FOR Stakeholder 2 and vice-versa.
    3. Have groups report their various perspectives on one relationship. Then ask:
    1. Where do you see similar elements in our understanding of this relationship?
    2. Where do you see different interpretations of this relationship?
    3. What are questions we should discuss during today's session?
    4. As you proceed through the reports, collect answers to question 3 above on a flipchart. Then go back to that list to create a series of discussion points for the day.


    Usual or Expected Outcomes: Emergence of key issues to be discussed among the stakeholders


    Source: Maureen Jenkins

    Recognizable components: Teams confront and discuss the similarities and differences in their perceptions of the same situations

    References: Teams confront and discuss the similarities and differences in their perceptions of the same situations

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    • This can create an atmosphere of respect and understanding. If there are hot buttons, it may require more expert facilitation.

      over 3 years ago