Engagement and participation, two big words that every facilitator, event organizer and meeting professional keeps in mind and set as a goal when organizing meetings, training sessions or conferences.
Room arrangement plays a big role in making this goal happen. Room setup is the seating arrangement of participants – the placement by which they receive content and interact with one another. It is a critical aspect of every event because the atmosphere the physical space creates will impact both the speaker’s effectiveness and the interaction of the audience members.
In a way, there’s always an invisible barrier between a speaker and their audience. Along with this, there is also a psychological barrier between audience members, especially when they do not know each other well.
Thoughtful conference setup can minimize these invisible, social barriers to encourage engagement and participation. Different arrangements enable variety both in learning and involvement whether the purpose is for meetings, in-person or video conferences, trainings and presentations, or workshops and interactive learning events.
In this article, we will discuss different room setups and their efficacy and drawbacks to help you choose which is the right one for your meeting, workshop or conference. We will cover:
- An in-depth look into room arrangements and styles
- How to determine the best room setup for your conference or event
- How to get your conference setup and room design properly implemented
Each seating arrangement compliments different purposes, content and potential size of an event. Here are the 10 most popular kinds of seating arrangement setups for different types of events:
What are the different types of seating arrangements?
- Auditorium or Theater Style
- Banquet Style
- Boardroom or Conference Style
- Crescent rounds (Cabaret Style)
- Reception Style
- Chevron (V-Shaped)
- Team tables
Theater style seating is a classic one: participants are seated in rows of chairs, much like in a theater or cinema, to watch and listen to a speaker or several speakers as well as visual and auditory aids. There’s generally a gap in the middle to allow easy access for central seats and a large stage to accommodate speakers, visuals and auditory aids. This style, thus, is typical for events with a large number of attendees where content is delivered as a lecture.
- Theater style seating allows for a large number of participants.
- Maximum seating capacity of the venue can be achieved.
- Since every chair is facing the stage, the focus is on the speaker.
- Since the focus of the audience is directed on the speaker and not on each other, participants are hindered from interacting with one another.
- There are no provisioned spaces for participants to take notes, bring out their devices and record notes.
- Audience members tend to be too close to each other for comfort, and there’s a tendency for pushing past other people to enter or exit from seats.
- Spaces for aisles are needed to ensure access to seats
This type of seating arrangement is best for conferences, annual board meetings, product launches, lectures and performances. These events call for less interaction and focus more on visuals and listening to speakers and presenters.
A U-shaped seating arrangement is just what the name describes – a letter U setup of tables and chairs arranged in an open-ended shape with the participants facing inwards. It is a classic boardroom setup that enables members to both face each other and the speaker.
Removing the tables and only having chairs in a U-shape allows for open interaction between the trainers and participants. This version is often used for soft skills development trainings and workshops.
- It enables the presenter to closely engage with each participant.
- Participants can interact with one another.
- The open area can be set up as a presentation area or as a focal point.
- The seating capacity of the room is not maximized since floor space is not fully utilized.
- A majority of the participants view the front (speaker and visual aids) in a sideway position. This can become uncomfortable as the session progresses.
As described earlier, this type of seating arrangement is ideal for boardroom meetings and video conferences with a limited number of participants, but it is also good for training sessions or interactive workshops if you remove the tables.
If you keep the tables, then this setup allows for note-taking with laptops and other digital devices that aid in writing and learning.
The banquet style room arrangement is a round table setup with participants facing each other like at a dinner table. This encourages full interaction between people sitting at one table. It is often used for interactive workshops with group discussions and exercises.
- Full potential for interaction between participants as they face each other.
- Allows for more members to get to know each other; useful for networking purposes.
- It maximizes the use of the space in the room.
- Although it’s easy to interact with other members at the table, it’s not easy to mingle with other participants at other tables.
- It has the tendency to isolate groups and form cliques.
The banquet style setup is good for formal and informal gatherings such as weddings, galas, sit-down dinners, music and entertainment – parties where there’s no need to constantly focus attention toward a stage/central platform.
It can also be suitable for large group workshops where teams are expected to work together over the course of the event.
Conference or boardroom style has one large table that fits around 7 to 20 people with room for their various equipment such as laptops, mobile devices and video conferencing devices. All participants face the middle to enable discussion and interaction from all directions. The boardroom or conference style can also be adjusted to include many tables that form a hollow square/rectangle.
- Allows for direct interaction between participants from any direction
- Table space allows for the use of laptops and other gadgets, paperwork and consumption of food and drinks.
- There are spots from where some participants may not be able to view slides or other visual presentations clearly.
- Because participants are able to use their laptops and other devices, they can easily shift their attention away from the meeting.
- The people at the far end of the table may feel isolated. Using circular or even square type conference tables can diminish this isolation.
This type of seating setup is ideal for business meetings, video conferencing, brainstorming and open discussions.
It is a classic classroom style setup where tables and chairs are arranged in parallel rows facing the front of the room. It is common for lectures and primarily supports interaction between the speaker and the audience and less between participants. Although, participants sharing a table can do small group exercises or sharing their work with one another.
- Tables or desks are provisioned for taking notes and use of devices.
- It maximizes the space and seating plan with tables/desks.
- Line of vision for participants seated near the front corners or back corners is compromised
- Because of the angles of certain seats and tables, several participants may have to twist or turn to have a good view of the speaker or visual aid.
- Interaction and eye contact is unlikely in this setup and group discussions can be difficult.
The classroom style seating is ideal for instructive types of training sessions and workshops where the members need to take notes or use laptops and the flow of discussion is mostly from trainer/speaker to the audience. However, choosing this room setup requires a thoughtful agenda design in order to get participants properly engaged with the content; the room setup itself does not support interactive learning experiences.
As the name suggests, members of the audience are seated in a round table but leaving empty space towards the stage or the location of the speaker. Tables are either scattered or strategically placed to maximize engagement as well as line of vision. The setup is conducive to small group exercises or discussions while keeping a focus on centrally displayed information or a speaker.
- The half crescent shape creates a focal point towards the stage to instruct and brief group work.
- Because there’s no hindrance to line of sight of the speaker and visuals, participants do not have to move to uncomfortable positions or twist around to see the front.
- Table setup encourages chatter within the group that’s irrelevant to the content or event objectives.
- It is not as compact as banquet style seating. More tables are used without maximizing seating.
The cabaret arrangement is useful for training sessions that aim for small group discussions and exercises combined with visual presentations. It is also popularly used for awards and gala nights.
A reception style arrangement is similar to a banquet one but with extra cocktail tables in between group tables. The cocktail or high tables with no chairs are for mingling or networking. They are also good for breakout discussions and collaboration between members of the audience belonging to different groups.
- Allows for focused group exercises at the main tables, while the cocktail tables provide convenient opportunities for breakout conversations or engaging with other group/table members.
- A dynamic setup which encourages participation and prevents boredom.
- Room space may not be fully utilized compared to more traditional training setups.
- Not all members of the audience might appreciate a dynamic setup.
It is best applied to dynamic and creative training sessions with collaborative exercises. The reception style is also great for team building events.
The chevron or V-shaped setup is actually similar to a classroom arrangement but tables and chairs are angled for better line of vision and engagement between participants themselves as well as with the speaker.
- It basically mimics the classroom setup but with improved view from outer ends to give participants better line of vision.
- Tables give members the space to take notes and user their devices.
- It can maximize seating capacity and is good for large groups.
- It allows for small group exercises for people sitting at the same table.
- Participants are not facing each other and some will be behind others; this does not encourage active listening, and can still hinder line of vision in this way.
Similarly to the classroom setup, the chevron shape is suitable for training sessions and workshops where instructions and individual work dominate.
The fishbowl setup is used for dialogue type events. Four to five chairs are arranged in an inner circle – the fishbowl – while the remaining chairs are arranged in concentric circles around the middle area.
Speakers take the inner seats and start discussing the topic introduced by the moderator. In an open fishbowl, one seat is left free, and anyone from the outer circles can join the conversation. At the same time, then, another member from the fishbowl must give up his place in the inner circle.
This style is often used for forums or large group discussions where participants can openly discuss topics covered with the speakers or experts. It enables the whole group, or all members, to actively participate and be involved with the content, i.e. ask questions, make suggestions or give their own conclusions.
- Encourages participation in larger groups.
- Speakers are put at a position of equal distinction with participants, meaning they are among the group instead of at the head of the room or on a stage.
- This setup may be a problem for shy and introverted members of the audience who are afraid to participate. It may be harder to get their opinions or know what they think.
- It is hard to divide the large group into smaller sets for more intimate discussions of the topics.
- No tables or room for taking notes or using laptops.
Fishbowl is best for forums, conferences and large group meetings where there is a high expectation of participation.
Team tables, or clusters, is a similar setup to the banquet style but it is more for informal type of events. You can choose between cocktail style or high top tables and seating. The tables and chairs depend on the volume of people at the event. A sit-down table setup is for training in groups with a lot of group discussions and exercises, such as in team building, yet with an informal vibe and tendency for mingling or changing places.
- An informal setup is always good for building rapport among participating members.
- People can move around and still be comfortable in the training or event.
- Tables can be arranged to maximize lines of sight.
- Depending on the size of the room or the arrangement of the tables, line of vision can still be hindered.
Clusters are used for training with a lot of group discussions or exercises. It is best for team building and networking events where there’s still room to mingle and move around.
The room design for your event should be determined by the goals you want to achieve and the number of participants you have. See some examples below:
- Have a large audience? Consider one of the room arrangements that can effectively be scaled up, even to hundreds of participants. For example: Auditorium, Banquet, Crescent or Reception
- Want to facilitate networking? Reception or rotating banquet tables can be a useful room design.
- Need participants to actively work together during the event? Choose a setup that fosters teamwork: U-Shape, Banquet
- Want to combine effective content delivery and participants working on their own devices? Classroom or Chevron can be a great fit.
- Do you have a group of 5-10 people that need to make a decision about a project? Choose a setup that supports open communication, such as U-Shape, Boardroom or Hollow Square.
- Are you planning for an interactive soft skills development training session? You may choose a u-shape without tables that allows you to present information and facilitate group conversation, then allow the group to break up into smaller circles by rearranging the chairs.
Knowing the answer for these two factors – interactivity and group size – will help you pick from these room setups:
If you have a longer, more complex event that spans over multiple days or if the session has different tracks, you should be prepared to arrange the room differently for different segments/days, if necessary.
Here are few further considerations when choosing a supportive room design :
- Will the seating arrangement need to be changed during the session? If yes, avoid using a place where tables are fixed to the ground.
- Will participants need to use laptops, or have note taking/sketching space?
- What type of visuals do you plan to use. Slides? Flipcharts? Video conferencing? Make sure all participants have an unobstructed view of the visuals so that they don’t need to twist and turn to see the visuals.
- Usually, the number of chairs should match with the number of participants, allowing a few extra chairs in case you have extra participants.
- Consider where snacks and meals will be served. You might want to dedicate some extra tables to coffee break supplies when a break room is unavailable.
- Power supply and outlets: There should be enough to accommodate charging of laptops and other electronic devices needed for training and exercises, placed accessible but strategically so not to hinder the speakers, trainers and participants. You don’t want people tripping over power cords.
- Internet access: Do you want/need your participants to have internet access? If yes, make sure that the WiFi code is easily visible to everyone upon arriving. And if you need to use internet during the session for any task, make sure that the bandwidth is enough to accommodate everyone.
- Heating and cooling: The venue must be warm or cool enough. For larger groups, expect that the temperature will rise over time with more people in the room.
- Additional furniture: Aside from tables and chairs, what other furnishing should be added or removed from the room to provide better comfort and utility to both facilitators and participants?
- Lighting: The venue must have enough lighting for speakers and participants to be able to see clearly but without being too bright.
So, you have designed the meeting, you have a plan, and you have figured out which room arrangements will get you through your session. This means you are done with the planning work! Now it is time to communicate with the venue’s staff and make sure that what you planned will be realized as you have imagined it..
What can you do to ensure that your plan will be properly put into practice? Here are some tips to follow to have your planned room arrangement set up for you:
- Communicate in advance with the venue:
- Most of the time, the venue will take care of the complete set up of your desired room arrangements and other related logistics requirements. In order to minimise the chance of miscommunication, it is best if you can show examples of what you want. (For instance, show what a u-shape seating looks like and clearly specify whether you want or don’t want tables in front of the seats.)
- If you ask for different room arrangements over the course of your meeting, make sure to communicate this in terms of your agenda timing. If you need different room setups, you may want to ask for multiple rooms so you can flexibly move from one room to another.
- Show up early at the venue
- Even with the best communication from your side and a great venue, the initial setup you will find at the venue might need adjustments. Make sure you have time to do this before participants start to arrive.
- Make sure seats are close enough to you
- Don’t place participants too far away from yourself (the speaker/trainer/facilitator).
- Remove unnecessary seats
- Check if visuals (presentation screen, flipcharts) can be seen by all participants.
- Consider how your own position can influence participation:
- If you like to move around while you speak, do a check from different seats to see which spots in the room might be blind to some. Make sure everyone can see you at all times.
- Design your visuals with the room constraints in mind:
- Don’t use fonts that are small and hard to read
Mind that, if you have multiple rows, not everyone might be able to see the bottoms of your slides.
- Don’t use fonts that are small and hard to read
- Lastly, have a checklist of equipment and materials you need, so you don’t forget to bring any of the tools and props you might need during your session.
We hope you have found useful tips above on how to design a room setup for your next event.
What is your number one tip for getting room arrangement right?
Let us know about your experience in the comments.