Digital Society School


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Backcasting is a method for planning the actions necessary to reach desired future goals. This method is often applied in a workshop format with stakeholders participating.

To be used when a future goal (even if it is vague) has been identified.



To make a road map of clear milestones towards a future goal.



1. List down your long term goals. Think of a time frame between 1 and 20 years.

2. Work backwards to figure out the necessary actions to achieve the long term goal. Step by step, don’t ever skip one!

3. Collect insights over difficulties that might be encountered, steps that need to be taken and resources needed to achieve the goal.


You can start with answering the question: ‘Define your success in 2025’.


Step by step guide to achieve the long term goals.


Reflect and revise your long term goals if needed. Carry out your plan.


Source: Digital Society School


ROBINSON, John. Future subjunctive: backcasting as social learning. Futures, 2003, 35.8: 839-856.

PHDUNGSILP, Aumnad. Futures studies’ backcasting method used for strategic sustainable city planning. Futures, 2011, 43.7: 707-714.

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  • m

    almost 2 years ago