Any standard workshop that has an idea generating component and where stakeholders or useful perspectives are not present in the workshop
Pre-Work Required: Some preparation to get the group to take the perspective of the person not present.
1. Brainstorm answers from the perspective of a character not in the room to come up with new perspectives and insights
2. This can be done by putting up sheets of paper with the name of the perspective that is missing. Have people walk from sheet to sheet to write their ideas from that perspective.
Potential pitfalls: Some work is needed to get the group "into" the perspective(s) not present.
Source: Sam Kaner
Derived from: p. 163 Kaner, Sam with Lenny Lind, Catherine Toldi, Sarah Fisk and Duane Berger: Facilitator’s Guide to Participatory Decision-Making, New Society Press, 1996 -- Found on Jo Nelson's "Meeting Tools"