- printed questions or power point slide with questions
Setting: May have questions printed on papers at each seat; or put up on power point
Types of participants: anyone
Time needed: 10-20 minutes for each reflection
Ideal conditions: round tables, but not necessary
Pre-Work Required: working through questions suitable for subject and audience; briefing of speakers
Type of Facilitator-Client Relationship: Requires briefing of speakers in advance to gain their support.
After each speech, audience is invited to talk in groups of 4-5 persons where they are seated to reflect on 1) key points that struck or interested them; 2)experiences that they are reminded of; 3)questions they'd like to ask; 4)other points or perspectives they'd like to add; 5)implications for their work/life; 6) questions may be written and collected for later consideration by speaker. If group is no larger than about 50 persons, MC may ask for some reflections from various discussion groups.
Follow-Up Required: Comments may be recorded and documented.
Usual or Expected Outcomes: intensified interest in conference topic; deeper thinking on topic
Potential pitfalls: speakers resent time taken away from their speech
How success is evaluated: participant feedback and level of participation during reflection periods
Examples of successes and failures: Used at Malaysia Women's Conference with about 500 participants, 2003
Source: Ann Epps, LENS International Malaysia Sdn Bhd
Derived from: Technology of Participation, Focused Discussion Method